Themenreisen zum Ersten Weltkrieg (engl.) 2019 von Touren Service Schweda

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Katalog Themenreisen zum Ersten Weltkrieg (engl.) 2019

Ausgewählte Katalogseiten von Themenreisen zum Ersten Weltkrieg (engl.) 2019

beginning of 1914 war the schlieffen plan and the “taxicab army” the attack be successful this order of retreat had the most serious consequences of wwi the german attack was smart but the german army was cornered on the defensive the chief of the german general staff general von moltke suffered from depression and was replaced it led to the first battle of the aisne the front consolidated after the bloody fights between sep 12 and sep 20 the war of movement became a war of position as no one could break through the lines each attempted to repel the enemy northwards in the following weeks the race to the sea began the allied alone needed 6,000 trains to ferry ca 750,000 men the race to the sea ended with the first battle of flanders from oct 20 to nov 18 1914 the so created western front changed in spite of the vigorous attempts of salient on both sides with millions of dead up to 1918 decided to step into this breach at the heart of battle movements and introduced to the

the race to the sea and the first battle of flanders setting up the western front 1914 after the german had advanced on paris during the battle of the marne and the 2 camps had settled along the aisne a great void built up between the champagne and the north sea this is why the armies of both camps tried from times to times in the 3 following months to sneak away and to surround the enemy northwards another aim of german general staff was to put under control french canal harbors in order to block out the english and to avoid a more effective involvement in the war the “race to the sea” began the rapidity of events may be shortened as follows the aisne is located at ca 250 km away from the north sea coasts the allied only needed 6,000 trains to ferry 750,000 soldiers the german troops which were less bright because of their crossing of belgium also had to ferry 500,000 soldiers from south to north a gigantesque logistic organization german troops failed in the storming of

the vosges front in alsace i 1914 – 16 great battles as of the marne or the somme were not possible in the vosges the confrontation in the vosges was more strategic than interesting for even if the vosges heights had been seized a further penetration in the german reich would have been difficult because of the strong fortification of the rhine valley france considered that the liberation of alsace was mainly a matter of national prestige meal in a german trench in the vosges 1915 © opérateur max wipperling – fonds yann prouillet after france had lost the francoprussian war 1870 – 71 alsace was severely stricken by the german reich treaty of peace in frankfurt in germany it was wished to recover the «lost» province as part of alsace came to france through 1648 westphalic peace and the rest of the region was conquered by louis the xiv moreover many alsatians spoke an alemanic dialect france was strongly convinced that alsace was french a conflict came

from the fort of mutzig to the vosges front fort de mutzig – feste kaiser wilhelm © fort de mutzig of peace on may 10 1871 alsace was incorporated into the german reich the former forts were then transformed into a 19-fort citadel by the german generals which could resist to new longer-range weapons you see a model of origin of the fortification of strasbourg in the alsatian museum that you visit during your introductory guided city tour of strasbourg then you have dinner in an alsatian traditional restaurant by the cathedral and check-in at the hotel 2 day the kaiser and his fort – 1893 tour to the little village of mutzig in the bruche valley close to the alsatian wine route there you visit the world greatest fortress of the 19c emperor william ii wanted to shelter the german reich against an attack from the vosges it was the first new fortification built in what was then german territory after the invention of high explosives which rendered earlier masonry

peace in the vosges 3 day across paradise to the summit today you follow the romanesque route and visit two further great romanesque churches in murbach is the once most powerful benedictine monastery of the high rhine built in the 12c in cluny traditional art of building in typically red sandstone of the region the collegiate church of the benedictine monastery lautenbach is famous for its wonderful never-ending 3-aisled portico the “paradise” and the big triumphal cross in the chancel arch on the 1423 m summit of grand ballon highest summit of the vosges you are close to heaven and have breathtaking views towards the alps you drive back via schlucht pass and linge memorial which commemorates one of the bloodiest battles of the vosges part of the trenches was excavated in the 70-ies of the last century and opened to the public so you can get an idea of 4 days trip price see separate leaflet church of ottmarsheim © adt 68 – c meyer colmar © prb how the battle

feb 21 to dec 20 1916 the battle of verdun mood in france turned against the war overconfidently he spoke several times of a “bleeding of the enemies” the mass mortality had to demoralize the french in addition he perhaps also set out the french military doctrine of the “attack at all costs,” one of the reasons why the french heavy losses during wwi were higher than by the germans verdun fort de douaumont © crt lorraine although verdun was not the bloodiest battle of wwi it marked the memory of wwi with 720,000 killed or wounded soldiers and countless traumatized front returnees like no one other battle verdun hell was the symbol of futility and brutality of the war of position in which soldiers died without even being ever able to see the enemy or were wasteful “burned” during regularly commanded assaults on the enemy position after a 300-day battle the front progress didn’t significantly changed and was maintained up to the end of the

jul 1 to nov 18 1916 the battle of the somme not the battle of verdun but the battle of the somme was the bloodiest battle of wwi with the greatest number of losses by the west of amiens the german army the british expeditionary force and the french army were facing each other the battle began with a 7-day artillery preparation the over 1400 siege guns far more than in verdun were involved the german soldiers would be thoroughly shot moreover the royal engineer tunneling companies had dug tunnels under the german positions on jul 1 at the beginning of the offensive a 26-ton ammonal charge exploded under the german position “schwabenhöhe” by the village of la boiselle that created a 91m crater at the time these mines were the largest ever detonated the sound of the blast was consi dered the loudest man-made noise in history up to that point with reports suggesting it was heard in london the debris flew up to 1200 m altitude the so-called lochnagar mine still exists today

jul 1 to nov 18 1916 war in flanders 1914 – 18 britisch tank left behind © memorial museum passchendaele 1917 in 1914 the war got closer to flanders on two sides on one side the “race to the sea” had begun in the south of france and the armies of the two conflict parties had got closer one to the other over arras and lille since early october 1914 on the other hand the german army had taken antwerp fortress on oct 10 1914 and had led the belgian army to flee the english troops withdrew to great-britain by ypres was still a thin gap in the front the german army wanted – at all costs – to push the allied troops in this gap to stop them the first battle of flanders took place from oct 20 to nov 18 1914 the line between ypres and diksmuide was held by the allied the youngest and less prepared german soldiers died by thousands among them the son of the artist käthe kollwitz this is why she carved the moving statue of “the grieving parents”

flanders fields 6 days trip price see separate leaflet poppy flower © milo-profi photography – visitflanders helped the german soldiers during wwi as a defensive position for oostende was an important war harbor from oostende you are very close to nieuwpoort next to king albert monument you find the sluice gate network of the “de ganzenpoot” “goose leg” in dutch or junction where you are explained wwi yser-polder flood at the new tourist center then some kilometers away you reach diksmuide on the former front line there you find the 22-floor high ijzertoren yser tower from where you can enjoy the view over the former battle field you will also find the “war graves,” an advanced trench directly on the front line which today is the setting of a celebration of peace performed free of charge in the evening way back to oostende and dinner 4 day ghent and bruges today is dedicated to the historic cities of flanders bruges was nominated

the wagon of the negotiations of surrender reconstruction © mémorial de l´armistice in compiègne ded their position in 1914 and in 1915 took an underground stone quarry they baptized “the dragon’s lair” la cave du dragon sheltering an entire battalion ca 1,200 men today a part of the cave is dedicated to a moving museum then you drive further to rheims you savor a champagne tasting in the cellars of rheims which stood as bomb shelter during the war rheims was 80 destroyed during wwi during the guided city tour you enjoy how the city was rebuilt dinner and night 7 day verdun – metz 1916/1919 in the morning you drive further to verdun even today the “red area of verdun” is marked by the numerous shell impacts you see the ossuary and the fort of douaumont the most powerful fort of verdun was seized by surprise by german soldiers and but it fell again into french hands in october you see the destroyed village of fleury-devant-douaumont

after the offensive of spring 1918 the german forces were worn out the army advanced up to 50 km in front of paris but was still too far from the front the forces of the united states also came at war on aug 8 the allied forces reached amiens break through the western front from then on the german army withdrew in september the hundred days offensive allies began along the meuse which allowed repelling the germans forcing them to the retreat then the german reich was almost without shelter leading them to surrender the negotiations took place from nov 8 to nov 11 1918 in a railway carriage by compiegne at the end of wwi the treaty of peace was negotiated in versailles the germans bore the full responsibility for the war the harsh conditions cost germany huge territorial renunciations and huge reparation payments in 1921 the amount was fixed by a commission it reached 132 billion of gold marks to be paid in 66 years the responsibility will then be cancelled only in 1987 the german