SiRo Tech Klettern 2018 von Aliens Bergsport & Arbeitssicherheit e.K.,

Weitere Aliens Bergsport & Arbeitssicherheit e.K., Kataloge | SiRo Tech Klettern 2018 | 44 Seiten | 2018-11-27


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Katalog SiRo Tech Klettern 2018

snow and ice step by step back to the up and down b e g a e g k 1 6 5 via ferrata sling it chalk bag nut nut first aid warming up it work get wet big wall suns of the sun how much crash pad we can the moments second hand of the night on the moments mobile phones let it be out of the depths slide on because of you warm up the river back to back backen formen the rivers of one toe the security system b classe what to do one and one high end so of a line be safe two of a kind two in one in the end 40 cm to 4 typ 2 bag in bag 50 cm stationen 14 a typ a type a 20 cm cm 10

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basic equipment ultrasonic termination marking band thermotransfer type ropes dynamic climbing ropes dynamic ropes are designed with some elasticity to absorb fall impact energy one of the biggest difference from semistatic ropes is the elongation elasticity that is much bigger on dynamic ropes standard fall test requires maximum 12 kn impact force for dynamic ropes only ropes marked en 892 can be used for climbing there are 3 types of climbing ropes according to use single rope used in the belay chain in a single line sport routes climbing gyms sheath en standard half rope used in pair in two independent belay lines right and left suitable for mountaineering ice climbing or multi-pitch climbing core filamen twin rope used in pair led parallel in one line usually used when a risk of rock or ice fall occurs big wall mountaineering multi-pitch climbing how to take care of rope a rope will last the longest in a dry and dark place never store the rope near chemicals if the rope gets

before we start buckle locking it´s necessary to put the webbing through the buckle behind the mark on the webbing rock&lock buckle locking make the loop and put it through the buckle frame how to put on the harness waist belt should be above the hips and comfortably tightened hook the loop on cross bar tighten tying in recommended tying in to a sit harness with figureeight knot figure-eight knot is easily recognizable and can be easily checked visually examples of wrong tying in tying in on the belay loop tying-in on belay loop belay loop has enough strength to tie-in but tying-in is only allowed if it is recommended by the producer this we can easily find in the instructions of use recommended tying in to a combination of sit and chest harness “alpine style” with additional webbing webbing strength must be min 15 kn 8 tying in just with the

basic skills methodology of climbing the climber uses his legs to the maximum extent possible to lift the weight of the body it is known that legs can develop 4x greater strength than arms maximum upward movement should be smooth and natural climbers-beginners should avoid extreme positions of joints and always choose a natural variant of advancing lateral weight shift chimney climbing chimney climbing can be used in narrow chimneys where the back forms one support part and the other one is provided by the back pressure of one of both legs upward movement is based on arms in combination with a leg leaned against the wall and a simultaneous push upwards climbing technique in overhang in overhang sections the climber pushes his hips to the rock as hard as possible which at least partially relieves the overloaded upper limbs traverse when climbing in a traverse we move the centre of gravity of the body from one point to another in horizontal position coiling a rope – butterfly

basic skills never lower if the rope only runs through a bolt safe lowering never lower if the rope only runs through a fabric sling due to friction slings can burn within seconds using the sling/daisy chain sit to a fixed point make a loop in the belay rope and pass it through the fixed point tie a figure-eight knot at the end of the loop and fit it to the belay loop of the harness untie the original figure-eight knot and pass the end of the rope through the fixed point off belay through the sling/daisy chain when lowering from the quickdraws from the anchor point belay station always have the rope clipped through two quickdraws with the gates facing each other the belayer always holds the braking line of the rope with both hands lower the climbing partner slowly and smoothly check where you are lowering your partner always have a knot double fisherman´s knot recommended at the end of the rope which prevents the rope from slipping out of the belay device

multipitch climbing belayer belaying two second climbers at a belay station using a multifunctional belay device shuttle each line of the rope may be taken in separately change at the station taking in the second climber belaying the second climber to the belaying station through a tube for brake action it is necessary to lock to the central point behind the tube over the ropes a carabiner with a locking mechanism if you belay the leader to a belaying station not body with a tube it´s also necessary to create this reduction of impact force after clipping the first protection point you can discharge this reduction of impact force belaying the second climber advantages of body belay • softer impact of the falling leader on the wall • shorter slack of the rope • easier handling of the rope disadvantages of body belay • the belayer becomes part of the belay system • longer braking distance and therefore greater length of fall • the belayer is at risk

glacier tours tying in on a glacier we tie in to a sit harness in a two-member team through a carabiner with locking mechanism in multiple-member team the persons at the ends tie directly to their sit harnesses figure-eight knot the others tie through carabiners with locking mechanisms alpine butterfly figure-eight knot team members at the ends must carry spare ropes for case of crevasse rescue each team member must have a prusik knot on their rope and those in the middle must also have prusiks in the direction to the other team member recommended tying-in on the sit harness figure eight knot first and last person in the group alpine butterfly persons in the middle of the group shortening the rope the correct way to shorten the rope around the body serves to make the rope more manageable and allows rope for use in an emergency after the coils are tied off with an overhand knot the rope is tied via a carabiner through the loop of this knot to the harness for safety tight rope the

avalanches wind direction triggering line snow drift where avalanche occurs shady slopes but also shady parts of gullies otherwise facing the sun under intense sun watch out for slopes with rocks massive warming also affects shady slopes new melting snow or snow brought by wind 1st degree 2nddegree 3rd degree 4th degree 5th degree slope angle the steeper the slope the higher the risk most avalanches fall from slopes of >30° angle how to guess the slope angle 90° 10 cm 3 ° 30 ° 30 ° how to guess the slope lift its bottom end angle loosely attach the print the pole to the snow other one to it so that it hangs freely basic avalanche equipment 28 lower the lifted pole end so that the perpendicular pole makes a mark • avalanche probe • avalanche transceiver • shovel • first aid kit • enough liquids • charged mobile phone with the number of the mountain rescue service 1 compact ice nothing 2 knife 3 pencil 4 1 finger 5 2 fingers 6 fist

bouldering catching falls in bouldering and sport climbing before clipping the first protection is one of the basic skills of climbers for safe bouldering observe the following rules and procedures watch the climber constantly two hands are always better than one hand two spoters are always better than one spotter try to rotate the climber before hitting the ground so that he hits the ground legs first bouldering is a social event but when you go bouldering on your own always let someone know when and where you go • do not waste magnesium unnecessarily and clean the holds and marks after climbing • make sure no rubbish is left after you • do not shout do not break branches • use a crashpad protecting the surroundings of rocks and your ankles • make it a habit to bring a first aid kit to the rocks • before visiting a new area find out sufficient information about habits classification parking and camping there

climbing glossary caution it you are not 100 sure that your partner has given the command off belay/safe do not off-belay double check whether the off belay command was indeed said take the climber off belay only when it is absolutely clear that your partner is secured at the belay station

first aid altitude sickness basic rules never keep ascending with symptoms of altitude sickness shortness of breath rapid heartbeat weakness stop until the symptoms disappear completely if you are feeling worse descend immediately do not wait until the morning descend to the altitude where you last felt well after waking up never leave a person with altitude sickness alone emergency procedures transport acclimatization and altitude sickness a few rules “not so high” no more than 300–400 meters of altitude day stay for 2 nights every 1000 meters of altitude “not so high” proceed slowly and smoothly in acclimatization “climb higher sleep lower” ascend additional 100–200 meters of altitude above the camp return and stay for the night “listen to your body” improvised stretcher for 2 to 4 rescuers made of a rope improvised stretcher for 2 to 4 rescuers made of skis improvised harness from a 150-cm sling if the person is